The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Series: Goal 3

SDG3Goal Three: Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

SDG Three serves as the health-focused goal and as a combination of three separate Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that focused on health-related outcomes: Goal 4 on child mortality; Goal 5 on maternal mortality; and Goal 6 on HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases. As with the last two SDGs, this is meant to be a more all encompassing version of its predecessors from the MDGs. This is accomplished in the goal’s inclusion of mental health, substance abuse, road traffic accidents, and pollution, among others, in its targets (see all proposed targets below). Africa achieved impressive results in combating child mortality and the prevalence of HIV/Aids, Malaria and Tuberculosis in the last 15 years. Maternal mortality, on the other hand, remains a challenge, although the current efforts in place are likely to lead to a significant reduction in maternal deaths in the coming years.

As mentioned, this goal includes more than the standard measures of health that were included in the MDGs. For example, there is an emphasis on preventing and treating substance abuse. There is also a reference to mental health, something many developing countries are struggling with, as there are generally not enough relevant medical personnel. In Africa, according to WHO statistics from 2011, the psychiatrist-to-patient ratio is less than 1 to 100,000, with 70% of African countries allocating less than 1% of the total health budget to mental health.

Proposed Targets:

3.1 By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age

3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases

3.4 By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well being

3.5 Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol

3.6 By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents

3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes

3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial and risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all

3.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water, and soil pollution and contamination

3.a  Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate

3.b Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all

3.c Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States

3.d Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks

Useful Links:

MDG Report 2015 – Lessons learned in implementing the MDGs

CAI Discussion Paper: The Silent Crisis – Mental Health in Africa

Tanzania Endorses and Fully Commits to SDGs

H.E. Jakaya Kikwete, President of the United Republic of Tanzania at the General Meeting.
H.E. Jakaya Kikwete, President of the United Republic of Tanzania at the General Assembly

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have officially expired this year and a new era in development with a new set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) was launched in New York from the 25th to 27th of September at the ‘United Nations summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda’.

The SDGs represent a change in thinking about development and transformation, addressing a broader set of issues and shared responsibility between public, private, and civil society organisations. They (the SDGs) are the result of a negotiation process that involved the 193 UN member states and also unprecedented participation of civil society and other stakeholders, which led to the representation of a wide range of interests and perspectives.

At the summit, where the SDGs were signed off by 193 countries, the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, underlined the importance of implementation as a show of commitment to the goals, the need for partnership and solidarity in ensuring the success of the goals, and expressed the commitment of the United Nations in providing the necessary support to Member States.

“The 2030 Agenda compels us to look beyond national boundaries and short-term interests and act in solidarity for the long-term.” – Ban Ki Moon

The adoption ceremony was presided over by Danish Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen and Ugandan President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, who stressed the successes of the MDGSs and the need for the full implementation of the new Agenda.

This new agenda will guide national and international jurisdictions, shape investment policies, revise national and international data collection, and drive actions on a range of sustainability issues over the next decade.

“This is the future we want for humanity and for our planet.” – Jakaya M. Kikwete

H.E. Dr. Jakaya M. Kikwete, President of the United Republic of Tanzania, reiterated his and Tanzania’s commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals by joining the High Level Group to support the implementation of the SDGs, announced by H.E. Stefan Löfven, Prime Minister of Sweden. The High-Level Group will work in various ways to promote exchange of experience and discussions on challenges and solutions between governments, civil society, the private sector and international organisations. The following are members of the High-Level Group:

  • Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff
  • Colombia’s President Juan Manuel Santos
  • Liberia’s President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
  • Sweden’s Prime Minister Stefan Löfven
  • South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma
  • Germany’s Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel
  • Tunisia’s President Beji Caid Essebsi
  • Timor-Leste’s Prime Minister Rui Maria de Araújo
  • Tanzania’s President Jakaya Kikwete

In his address to the UN General Assembly, H. E. Kikwete expressed concern over the incompletion of the Millennium Development Goals and the unknown outcomes of targets, emphasising that although the new Agenda had taken on the unfinished business of the Millennium Development Goals, time and money were needed to achieve it. The lack of financial resources had been the greatest hindrance to enacting all the Millennium Development Goals. Funding concerns have been addressed in the outline of each of the new Goals, and each country must mobilise domestic resources for achieving the Goals, but developing countries cannot do so alone. International funding will be needed to complement countries’ own capabilities and a global partnership is necessary to ensure follow-up and review.

“Tanzania stands ready and pledges its unwavering commitment to fully support the Sustainable Development Goals and its implementation. We will do everything in our power to play our part accordingly… For sure, no-one will be left behind” – Jakaya M. Kikwete

As part of Tanzania’s commitment to Sustainable Development, the Government of Tanzania established the Institute of African Leadership for Sustainable Development (UONGOZI Institute) with the support of the Government of Finland in 2010. UONGOZI Institute works to inspire and equip leaders in Africa to deliver sustainable solutions to the challenges facing the continent, and to live up to their individual and collective potential to lead the transformation of Africa’s economies and societies.

To date, UONGOZI Institute has already engaged in various activities that are aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals in both its capacity building and research and policy work. These are, broadly; Urbanisation (Goal 11), Sustainable Agriculture (Goal 2) in partnership with the Southern Agriculture Growth Corridor of Tanzania, Forestry (Goal 17), meeting energy needs sustainably (Goal 7), Natural resources management (focussing on the Mining, and Gas Sectors), Financial Inclusion for Women (Goal 5 and 16), Green Growth (Goal 8, 9, 10, 13, and 14).

UONGOZI Institute stands ready to support African governments in meeting their Sustainable Development Goals targets, both in terms of the research and monitoring work required on the ground, and capacity building to ensure decision-makers are inspired and equipped to live up to their collective and individual leadership potential.

For more information on the SDGs and the SDG Launch:

http://www.ikulu.go.tz/index.php/media/press_details/1866

http://webtv.un.org/watch/part-6-un-sustainable-development-summit-2015-general-assembly-8th-plenary-70th-session/4512886519001#full-text

http://www.government.se/press-releases/2015/09/swedish-government-initiates-high-level-group-in-un/

https://www.sustainabledevelopment.un.org/

http://timor-leste.gov.tl/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Call-to-Action2.pdf

For more information on UONGOZI Institute:

www.uongozi.or.tz

What are the Sustainable Development Goals?

For the next few weeks, UONGOZI Institute will be running a special blog series on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). We begin the series with this introductory post describing the SDGs and the processes that are underway to put the goals into action. The blog will feature in-depth pieces on each of the seventeen goals thereafter.

Who?

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were initiated as part of the outcome document drafted at the close of the Rio+20 conference, formally the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, held in June 2012. The United Nations member states were party to this document, titled The Future We Want, and mutually agreed that work must be done to establish the SDGs for the post-2015 development agenda. Now that the list of goals has been established, the United Nations General Assembly will meet in September of this year to formally approve the SDGs and put them into action. Thus, making all member states of the United Nations the actors responsible for the creation and execution of the SDGs.

What?

The SDGs were drafted to serve as the guide to the global development agenda at the expiration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015. The MDGs were established in 2000 to align the global development agenda. As the MDGs wind down, the SDGs will be used instead as a basis for planning the next phase of development. The SDGs, however, will have a global focus, as opposed to the MDGs which focused solely on developing countries. As the United Nations approves the seventeen goals outlined to be the SDGs, Governments will likely incorporate them into their own national agendas as they did with the MDGs.

When?

The work on creating the SDGs began in 2012, as mentioned above, at the behest of the Rio+20 meeting. Since then, an Open Working Group has spent a great deal of time conducting the necessary work to establish the seventeen goals in a proposal released in August 2014. Since then, there has been discussion and debate on the proposed goals in the lead up to their adoption in September 2015 by the UN General Assembly. The SDGs would therefore be enacted in 2015, with the timeline of achieving the goals through 2030.

Why?

The SDGs were drafted to continue the work begun under the auspices of the MDGs and refine the lessons learned from that fifteen year period of development. The goals are meant to help organize the numerous needs of the world at large in a way that helps countries and regions to focus on those which are most important for their future. By aligning the global narrative on development through the SDGs, the hope is that they can be achieved through partnership and mutual responsibility.

How?

As mentioned throughout, there are seventeen goals currently proposed to make up the SDGs. These are: 1) End poverty in all forms everywhere; 2) End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture; 3) Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages; 4) Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all; 5) Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls; 6) Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; 7) Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all; 8) Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all; 9) Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation; 10) Reduce inequality within and among countries; 11) Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable; 12) Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns; 13) Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts; 14) Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development; 15) Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss; 16) Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels; and 17) Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development. These goals will serve as the basis by which all development planning will be made throughout the next fifteen years. Seeing them through will be coordinated at all levels, from local governments to international agencies, based on what the goal entails.

More information:

The SDG Processes

UN Sustainable Development Goals Page

Sustainable Development Solutions Network

Publication

The Common African Position on Post-2015 Development Agenda